The effects of aerobic exercise on blood pressure vary among participants. It may reduce diastolic blood pressure or stay the same. It may also raise blood pressure after exercise. During exercise, the left side of the heart receives oxygenated blood and pumps it into the aorta, which distributes it to the rest of the body. However, some studies suggest that aerobic exercise may raise blood pressure and remain stable afterward.
In observational studies, physical activity is associated with lower blood pressure. Individual clinical trials and meta-analyses have confirmed this association. Researchers in India have not yet studied the effects of aerobic exercise on blood pressure. To identify relevant studies, we surveyed Google Scholar for articles on aerobic exercise and training. We included articles focusing on India. We identified studies that showed beneficial effects of aerobic exercise in patients with high blood pressure.
Regular aerobic exercise helps individuals with high blood pressure to reduce their pressure and increase the strength of their hearts. Common aerobic exercises include walking, jogging, jumping rope, bicycling, skating, rowing, and cross-country skiing. Stretching exercises improve flexibility and allow individuals to move better. Performing a vigorous aerobic exercise regimen for twenty minutes per day can result in the same benefits. And the most exciting part is that it only takes 20 minutes to get the same results!
Controlled aerobic exercise has been shown to lower RBP in older adults, reducing risk factors for coronary heart disease and stroke by 15%. A 5-mmHg reduction in RBP can be beneficial to individuals with hypertension. This study had a relatively narrow age range, which could have contributed to the positive results observed. A study with a larger sample size and a wider age range would provide more reliable results.